Showing posts from September, 2013

JAVA : Convert InputStream to String

You can use the following snippet to convert InputStream to String

private static String getStringFromInputStream(InputStream is) { BufferedReader br = null; StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(); String line; try { br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(is)); while ((line = br.readLine()) != null) { sb.append(line); } } catch (IOException e) { e.printStackTrace(); } finally { if (br != null) { try { br.close(); } catch (IOException e) { e.printStackTrace(); } } } return sb.toString(); }

OAF Overview

This post will explains some terminologies that is used in Oracle Application Framework (OAF).

Entity Object - business component entity objects maps to database table or view that allow DML operations and that used to cache data result set and perform validation before post changes to database. 

Association Object - business component association objects implement the relationships between different entity objects and can mapped to database referential integrity constraint or non existing referential integrity constraint and this case constrain will be validated in OAF but not in database.

View Object - business component view objects are used to display data in UI pages and it can be based on
1- Entity Object or many entity objects and this case it supports DML operations.
2- SQL queries  : that's doesn't support DML operations
3- Static : Programmer create structure of view object attributes and can add static data also.
4- Programmatic : Programmer write code at ru…

ADF : Working with ViewCriteria

View Criteria's are additional where clause added at runtime to base View Object Query.

 Programmer can create view criteria declaratively or programatically.

1. Create View Criteria DeclarativelyOpen View Object in Edit and in "Query" tab you can click "+" add pencil to create new view criteria

2. Control View Criteria Programatically.

a- Get View Criteria from View Criteria manager within View Object and then apply it
ViewCriteria applyVC = myViewObject.getViewCriteria("MyViewCriteriaName");
b- Applying Multiple view Criteria's

When multiple view criteria's are applied to the view object, the view criterias gets appended or replaced depending upon the way you use applyViewCriteria API
Replacing Existing view criteria's :

myViewObject.applyViewCriteria(applyVC) or
will erase all previously applied view criterias and apply the cur…

Random Numbers in Java

Previously I posted  about Generate Random Passwords in Oracle that was using PLSQL.
Today I will post about java randoms.

Java provides two classes to generate random numbers: Random and SecureRandom.
Random is faster than SecureRandom, but it uses a 48 bits seeds which is not enough for the long type.
Moreover, it is not 'random enough' for cryptography. SecureRandom, is slower than Random, but can be used for cryptography.

The following code example shows how to generate a random number within a range for int, long, float and double.

Note rangeStart , rangeEnd is range period of generated numbers .

int rangeStart = 50; int rangeEnd = 100; SecureRandom secRandom = new SecureRandom(); int inclusive = rangeEnd - rangeStart + 1; int exclusive = rangeEnd - rangeStart; int randomIntInclusive = secRandom.nextInt(inclusive) + rangeStart; int randomIntExclusive = secRandom.nextInt(exclusive) + rangeStart; System.out.…

Close Resources in Java

In java when using any resources like Files, Streams, Database Connection and DataSets etc .... , you must close resources at end of processing at your code.

For Example : Streams 

File f = new File("myFile.txt"); FileOutputStream fos = null; try { fos = new FileOutputStream(f); // Do something... } catch (FileNotFoundException ex) { // Display error message } finally { // Closing resource if (fos != null) { try { fos.close(); } catch (IOException ex) { //Here , Hide Exception } } }
All previous code in Blue color are used to close resources.
So to save time and make code more readability you can use IOUtils Appache packages  to close resources quietly
finally{ IOUtils.closeQuietly(fos); }

For Example : Database Statement

finally{ DBTransaction txn = this.…

Run JavaScript from Native Java

I wrote in previous post Execute Javascript code from Java Code how to execute java script in Oracle ADF.
But in this post I will explain how to call Javascript from native Java.

The following code snippets will illustrate how to evaluate Javascript code and invoke functions and get return value.

import javax.script.Invocable; import javax.script.ScriptEngine; import javax.script.ScriptEngineManager; import javax.script.ScriptException; public class CallJavaScript { public static void callJsCode(String jsCode) throws ScriptException, NoSuchMethodException { // Retrieving the Javascript engine ScriptEngine se = new ScriptEngineManager().getEngineByName("javascript"); try { se.eval(jsCode); } catch (ScriptException e) { e.printStackTrace(); } try { Invocable jsinvoke = (Invocable)se; System.out.println("…

Iterate Through Java Map

There are multiple ways to iterate through a Java Map.

Assuming the following map declaration:
Map mapObj = new HashMap();

//Use Iterator [Generic]
Iterator> iter= mapObj.entrySet().iterator();
while ( iter.hasNext() ) {
    Entry item =;
    System.out.println(item.getKey() + " - " + item.getValue());

//User Iterator [Without Generic]
Iterator iter= mapObj.entrySet().iterator();
while ( iterator2.hasNext() ) {
    Entry item = (Entry);
    System.out.println(item.getKey() + " - " + item.getValue());

// Use For Each [Generic]
for ( Entry item : mapObj.entrySet() ) {
    System.out.println(item.getKey()+ " - " + item.getValue());

// Use For Each [Without Generic]
for ( Entry item : mapObj.entrySet() ) {
    System.out.println(item.getKey()+ " - " + item.getValue());

//Fetch Value using Key
for ( String key : mapObj.keySet() ) {
    System.out.println(key + " - " + mapObj.get(key));

// Loop through Keys only
for ( Stri…